Varanasi – is most fascinating pilgrimage city for Hindus since centuries, It is also known as Benares or Varanasi. It is also termed as oldestlivingcityin the world. It is city of temples, and holy river ganga, and it is considered that who ever visits varanasi, would attain salvation.
Ganges river is considered holy , which flows through the city of varanasi, and gives it a unique geographical location. The cityis acenteroflearningandcivilizationfor almost3000years and still famous Benares hindu university is located here. At 15 kms from the main city, is located Sarnath, where Buddha preached hisfirst sermon after enlightenment. Varanasi remained as Epitome of ancient hindu culture and knowledge. It is a pilgrimage centre for both hindus and Buddhist.
Main tourists spots of varanasi includes – Kashi vishwanath temple, Bharat mata temple, Ghats of varanasi, and Sarnath Buddhist temple and Stupa.
MAJOR FESTIVALS IN VARANASI
Buddha Purnima festival is observed to celebrate the birth of Lord Buddha. Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti comes on the full moon day in the Hindu month of Vaisakh (April/May). Sarnath is important pilgrimage place for Buddhism as Lord Buddha preached his first sermon at Sarnath. Therefore every year, on the event of Buddha Jayanti, a large fair is held at Sarnath and the relics of the Buddha are taken out for public display.
Dev Deepavali is observed on the event of Kartik Poornima and the Ghats of Varanasi sparkle with 1000s of Diyas (earthen lamps). Dev Deepavali is celebrated on the fifteenth day of Diwali. It is a kind of tribute to river Ganga by the people of Varanasi. Dev Deepavali is observed on the full moon day in the month of Kartik (which is more famous as Kartik Purnima) and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement. It is considered that on this day, the Gods come to Earth and bless all human beings with prosperity and life.
On Day of Kartik Purnima, several pilgrims come to varanasi and theydecorateganga riverbank withtiny earthen lamps (‘Diya’) to welcome Gods. The ‘Ganga-Aarti’ offers an excellent souvenir in memory, with chants and hymns to please the gods.
Hanuman Jayanti is major festivalof Hindus and marks the birthof Lord Hanuman- The monkey faced God in Indian Mysthology. Hanuman Jayanti comes on Chaitra Shukla Purnima (the March-April fullmoonday).
Mahashivratri in Varanasi
The holy city of Varanasi is considered as themost admired city of Lord Shiva, and therefore Mahashivaratri festivalis celebrated with great enthusiasm in Varanasi. It comes on thefourteenthday ofthedarkfortnightof Phalguna (February/March). All shiva temples are decorated in India and Shiva Lingam is offered with milk, flowers and Carrots and jungle fruits.
temple, where devotees throng in large numbers to offer prayers to the residing deity of Varanasi, Lord Shiva.